Pinan Yondan moves 1-2 application one
This technique has a superficial similarity to the opening of Pinan Shodan / Heian Nidan. Largely for the same reason, you are using two arms to apply leverage to one of the opponent's arms. In Pinan Shodan you are bending it, and in Pinan Yondan you are keeping it straight.
Simple elbow break.
- The sequence begins with the opponent standing facing you, having a grip of your right hand, wrist or forearm with his left hand.
- Step round to your right, (the left of the opponent) while dropping your weight back.
- Place your left arm underneath the elbow of the opponent, try to position the forearm at the elbow.
- Now push up with the left arm, driving at the elbow. Use your right, (gripped) arm to make sure the opponent's arm stays straight in a rising arm bar. There may be resistance to the movement.
- This pushing up to vertical will cause the opponent to move slightly behind you.
- Switch directions 180° clockwise to face the other way.
- There are some variations between karate styles on the exact movement downwards, the heian katas and shotokan drop all the way to the hip, shorin tend to drop to just below shoulder height. The fact of the matter is the impact points differ very slightly but the technique is identical. The shotokan target is the shoulder, the wado-ryu, shito-ryu and shorin-ryu is perhaps more the upper part of the left arm. It's only necessary to move the arms below shoulder level for the technique to be effective. The shotokan drop to hip level indicates with force.
- The act of dropping your hands downwards causes the opponent's elbow to impact your left shoulder or upper arm at speed, your left hand should also be assisting the downward push on his arm to aid the impact. It's interesting that in many kata performances the downward motion is often done cursorily.
- Result, opponent has a broken left elbow.